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JLION.COM
10/18/06

jChart - Stacked Bar Chart Example

About jChart

The stacked bar chart uses the StackedBarOverlay overlay type and can display multiple series on a single chart.

Series Two value=28.24308 Series Two value=26.06234 Series Two value=5.343551 Series Two value=15.67371 Series Two value=34.42879 Series Two value=34.36411 Series Two value=30.01326 Series One value=12.73884 Series One value=11.36798 Series One value=1.513375 Series One value=14.67989 Series One value=19.67189 Series One value=10.89645 Series One value=10.39707

ASP.NET 2.0 example


HTML

This is the HTML that displays the chart on the page. The image map is optional and is used to implement drill-down.

    <div>
    <img src="<%=me.ImageURL %>" alt="" usemap="#MyMap" />
    
    <map id="Map1" name="MyMap">
    <%=Me.ImageMap%>
    </map>
    </div>  
    

Code-Behind

The following code uses two environment variables.

Application("TempPath") is an application variable that contains the path to the directory in which temporary images should be stored in the format "c:\mywebsite\temp\"

Session("TempURL") is a session variable that contains the base URL of the directory in which temporary images are be stored in the format "http://myhost/temp/"

The chart object should be global as it is initialized in the Page_Load function and then referenced by the ImageURL and ImageMap functions later on.

    Dim moChart As jChart.GraphChart
    

The Page_Load event is where the heavy lifting gets done. It is here that the appearance of the chart (background color, size, chart type, etc.) is set, the X and Y axis values are set, and series are created and added to the chart.

   Protected Sub Page_Load(ByVal sender As Object, ByVal e As System.EventArgs) Handles Me.Load
        '---Let's set up the chart.
        '   We'll make it 600 pixels wide by 400 pixels high.        
        moChart = New jChart.GraphChart(600, 400)

        '---We'll specify a 10 pixel border all the way around the inside
        '   edge of the chart.
        moChart.ChartDimensions.FrameSize = 10

        '---The Y Axis column on the left will be 20 pixels wide.
        moChart.ChartDimensions.YAxis1LabelColumnWidth = 20

        '---The Y Axis column on the right will also be 20 pixels wide.
        moChart.ChartDimensions.YAxis2LabelColumnWidth = 20

        '---The X Axis row on the bottom will be 20 pixels high.
        moChart.ChartDimensions.XAxisLabelRowHeight = 20

        '---Let's add the X Axis values
        '   We'll have 7 values and in place of the numeric values we'll
        '   display friendly labels.
        Dim oXAxisValues() As Single = {0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6}
        Dim oXAxisLabels() As String = {"SU", "MO", "TU", "WE", "TH", "FR", "SA"}

        '---We'll create an XAxis object using the ChartDimensions object
        '   from the chart we just created.
        Dim oXAxis As New jChart.XAxis(moChart.ChartDimensions, oXAxisValues)

        '---Let's tell the X Axis about the friendly labels to display in place
        '   of numbers.
        oXAxis.XAxisLabels = oXAxisLabels

        '---OK, finally let's tell the chart about its X Axis.
        moChart.XAxis = oXAxis

        '---Now, let's set up the Y Axis for the left side.

        '---We'll tell our new Y Axis object that it will be on the left side of the chart
        '   and we'll pass in a reference to the chart's ChartDimension object so the Y Axis
        '   will know how big it needs to be. 
        '   We'll also tell it that there should be 10 Y Axis labels varying between 0 and 70.
        Dim oYAxis1 As New jChart.YAxis(jChart.YAxis.Alignment.Left, moChart.ChartDimensions, 10, 0, 70)

        '---Now let's tell the chart about our Y Axis
        moChart.YAxis1 = oYAxis1

        '---Finally, let's show some sample values.
        '   We'll make the values random, for more realism.

        '   Since we'll have two series, we'll need two sets of sample values. We'll
        '   call them "oValues1" and "oValues2"

        '   There will be 7 values in each series, just as there are 7 points on the X Axis.
        '   The series objects expect an array of single, so that's what we'll make.
        Dim oValues1(8) As Single
        Dim oValues2(8) As Single
        Randomize(Environment.TickCount)
        For iX As Short = 0 To 7
            oValues1(iX) = Rnd() * 35
            oValues2(iX) = Rnd() * 35
        Next

        '---Let's set up the two series for our chart.
        Dim oBarSeries1 As New jChart.Overlay.Series.StackedBarSeries
        With oBarSeries1
            '---We will call our series "series one". 
            '   This value is accessible on drill-down from the image map.
            .Name = "Series One"

            '---Now we'll give the series the values it should use.
            .Values = oValues1

            '---The series will be orange in color
            .Color = Color.Orange

            '---The series will be slightly transparent (75% opaque)
            .Opacity = 0.75
        End With

        Dim oBarSeries2 As New jChart.Overlay.Series.StackedBarSeries
        With oBarSeries2
            '---We will call our series "series one". 
            '   This value is accessible on drill-down from the image map.
            .Name = "Series Two"

            '---Now we'll give the series the values it should use.
            .Values = oValues2

            '---The series will be green in color
            .Color = Color.Green

            '---The series will be slightly transparent (75% opaque)
            .Opacity = 0.75
        End With

        '---Let's create our overlay object.

        '---We need to tell the overlay which dimensions and axes to use when
        '   we create it.
        Dim oStackedOverlay As New jChart.Overlay.StackedBarOverlay(moChart.ChartDimensions, oXAxis, oYAxis1)

        '---Let's add the series to the overlay
        oStackedOverlay.Series.Add(oBarSeries1)
        oStackedOverlay.Series.Add(oBarSeries2)

        '---Let's add the overlay to the chart.
        moChart.OverLays.Add(oStackedOverlay)

        '---OK. All done. Now let's draw the chart.
        '   We'll start by creating a bitmap onto which the chart will be drawn.
        '   We do it this way so that the bitmap can be shared (a background image
        '   perhaps?)
        Dim oPicture As New Bitmap( _
                moChart.ChartDimensions.OuterWidth, _
                moChart.ChartDimensions.OuterHeight, _
                System.Drawing.Imaging.PixelFormat.Format24bppRgb)

        '---Now that we've created the bitmap, we'll draw the chart on it and save it
        '   to a temporary location on the server in JPEG format. The charting object
        '   creates a unique filename for our new chart. This unique filename is
        '   accessible via the chart's FileName property (see ImageURL)

        '---The path where the image will be saved must have write access for the ASPNET
        '   process enabled.
        moChart.SaveChartToFile( _
                    Application("TempPath"), _
                    System.Drawing.Imaging.ImageFormat.Jpeg)


    End Sub
    

The ImageURL property provides the name of the chart image that was created during Page_Load to the IMG tag on the page.

        Protected ReadOnly Property ImageURL() As String
        Get
            If moChart Is Nothing Then
                Return ""
            Else
                Return Session("TempURL") & moChart.FileName
            End If
        End Get
    End Property
    

The ImageMap property constructs and provides the image map that allows for drill-down capability.

        Protected ReadOnly Property ImageMap() As String
        Get
            If moChart Is Nothing Then
                Return ""
            Else
                Return MakeImageMapString()
            End If
        End Get
    End Property
    

Here we build the image map from the collection of chart regions. This is done in the code behind block so that it can be customized--perhaps only certain series should have drill-down enabled, and of course you will want to customize the action that occurs when a series value is clicked on.

    Private Function MakeImageMapString() As String
        Dim sImageMap As String = ""

        For Each oRegion As jChart.RegionArea In moChart.RegionList
            Dim sCoords As String = ""

            Dim oPoints As Point() = oRegion.SeriesPoints
            sCoords = oPoints(0).X & "," & oPoints(0).Y

            For iPoint As Integer = 1 To oPoints.GetUpperBound(0)
                sCoords = sCoords & "," & oPoints(iPoint).X & "," & oPoints(iPoint).Y
            Next

            Dim sArea As String = "<area " & _
                                        " shape=" & Chr(34) & "poly" & Chr(34) & _
                                        " coords=" & Chr(34) & sCoords & Chr(34) & _
                                        " href=" & Chr(34) & "javascript:alert('You clicked on " & oRegion.SeriesName & " at value: " + oRegion.YValue.ToString + "');" & Chr(34) & _
                                        " alt=" & Chr(34) & oRegion.SeriesName & " value=" & oRegion.YValue & Chr(34) & ">" & _
                                        vbCrLf

            sImageMap = sImageMap & sArea
        Next

        Return sImageMap
    End Function
    

 

Created by Joe Lynds 2002-2008. Contact Joe
http://www.jlion.com